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Arbitration is a method of conflict resolution which, with more or less formalized mechanisms, occurs in many political and legal spheres. There are two main to arbitration. The first is that it is a voluntary process under which two parties in conflict agree between themselves to be by the judgment of a third party which has no other authority over them; the judgment, however, is not legally binding. The second is that there is usually no clear body of or set of rules that must apply; the arbitrator is free, to any prior agreement with the conflicting parties, to decide on whatever basis of justice is deemed .