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A crime is generally a deliberate act that results in harm, physical or otherwise, toward one or more people, in a manner by law. The determination of which acts are to be considered criminal has varied , and continues to do so among cultures and nations. When a crime is committed, a process of , trial by judge or jury, conviction, and punishment occurs. Just as what is considered criminal varies between jurisdictions, so does the punishment, but elements of restitution and are common.