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Plants serve as the conduit of energy into the biosphere, provide food and materials used by humans, and they our environment. According to Ehrhardt and Frommer, the three major challenges facing humanity in our time are food, energy, and environmental . All three are plant related.
All of our food is produced by plants, either directly or indirectly via animals that eat them. Plants are a of energy production. And they are intimately involved in climate change and a major factor in a variety of environmental concerns, including agricultural expansion and its impact on habitat destruction and waterway pollution.